Gran Canaria is an historical island. It was an important
port on travels to America and before the conquest of the islands, it was
inhabitted by the aboriginal that were called "Guanches".
Gáldar, near Agaete, was a political nucleus at the time of conquest in
1478, the seat of Gran Canaria's ancient rulers. The Spanish city, one of
the first on the island, was built over the aboriginal settlement.
Gáldar is also the site of the famous Cueva Pintada (Painted Cave), discovered
accidentally in 1873 by a farmer named José Ramos Orihuela, who was preparing
the land for planting. Named a National Historic Artistic Monument in 1972,
the cave was closed to the public and it will be opened again in 2006. It
is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Canary Islands,
not only because of its size but also because it houses an example of indigenous
Canarian artwork: the Cueva Pintada (The Painted Cave) which depicts the
household environment. It is decorated with geometrical shapes in red, black
and white paint. There are several theories about what the cave was used
for funeral rites, as a sacred place and as a dwelling place, among others.
Also in Gáldar, there is a place called La Guancha - El Agujero. The remains
of one of the most important of the Island’s primitive surface settlements
are preserved on this site. Apart from the many dwelling places in evidence,
the outstanding feature of the site are its burial mounds, considered to
be amongst the most important on the Island.
We will visit these museums and another interesting points of the city.